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Page 1 of 1Total of 6 messages
Posted by:Jun 8th 2005, 09:55:29 pm
Fig Tree News TeamMore on Eleuthera connections way back when ...

"This is written
in the book "Homeward Bound" by Sandra Riley P.55.
The source is a letter written by Thomas Walker:

"In his March, 1715, correspondence to the Council, Thomas Walker
assured their lordships that in "discharging his duty and loyalty to
His Majesty" he had spent his "time in takeing upp pirats and routeing
them from amongst these islands" and promised to "persevere" in these
pursuits until a govenor was sent out. When the govenour arrives, he
went on to say, he will be hard pressed "to curbe the exorbitante
tempers of some people" and will find "inhabitants upon Ileatheria and
the out Islands in arms to deffend themselves against justice."
Enclosed in Walker's correspondence were papers relating to his recent
confrontation with Eleutheran pirates who had voyaged out against the
Spanish. Included among those on a list of designated pirates were
some inhabitants who may have decided that turnabout was indeed fair play:
List of men that sailed from Ileatheria and committed piraceys upon
the Spaniards, on the coast of Cuba, since the Proclamation of Peace:
Danl. Stillwell, marryd to Jno. Darvill's daughter. John Kemp,
Matthew Lowe, James Bourne, John Cary (all married). John Darvill
sent his young son of 17 yeares old a-piratting and was part owner of
the vessell that committed the piraceys. Strangers that sailed from
Ileatheria a-piratting: -Benja. Hornigold, Thomas Terrill, Ralph
Blankenshire, Benja. Linn. (source 19, Walker, New Providence, 14
March 1715, CSP, 28:119.)

Mention of Darvill and others is also in letter from Lt. Gov Spotswood to Council of Trade and Plantations, Virginia, 3 July 1716, CSP, 29:141.
Posted by:Jun 5th 2005, 02:03:15 pm
KimberlyHey, c'mon ... the post from the Bahamians genealogy and culture forum was meant to show off the results of one family's success at tracking its history from country to country to country over the centuries, and was hardly meant as a treatise on slavery.

The Bahamians forum online, as led by Peter Roberts, is coordinating with Bahamians around the world to track their family's origins using DNA, with much success.

Yes, slavery (whether black on black, white on black, white on Indian, white on white, white on Asian, white on Native Americans, Chinese on Korean ad nauseum) was and continues to be a thorn in humanity's side ... but that's a completely different discussion, Brilandkid.
Posted by:Jun 5th 2005, 11:59:57 am
Brilandkidyes it was a swift response on my part. But If slaves are mention as history then it should be mention their contribution to the recap. They did play a role, and to end it history cannot be rewrote and we the people of todays world cannot be held responsable for what happen in yesterday's world,
No my dear yesterday is done and we except that. It is today and we move on without any repeat and anomosity therefore we all have learned and replced any hate with love for all people that is the only way this world will sirvive and us to move on as a human race. We all need each other. I need you and you need me. That is the way it is. So do not be disappointed, I am never ever or will be antiwhite or racist or intentionally offensive. Just a recap. That is all. thanks for your response.
Posted by:Jun 5th 2005, 08:20:17 am
KarolS - back off. The recap was just that - a recap. Not a minute by minute account of how we came to be here. Your posts are usually pretty on and very interesting. It's disappointing to read a post so angry and anti-white from you. Ancestors who deserved it have already paid - and we don't have to pay a second time. Let's move on - together - can we?
Posted by:Jun 4th 2005, 09:08:32 pm
Brilandkidvery well recap of history, however very little was said about how the slaves who toil in your kitchens and in your cotton and sisal plantations and was mamie to your babies and suffered at the hands of the white settlers who also elimated the Indians. history cannot be edited just omited. what about the beating rape of a people that you only remember papa charlie and pepe you spoke of fondly were those the typical house N..... If history was to be told the way it happened, will you still be proud and proud of what? Some of your ansestors have a lot to answer to the creator for can you be proud of that. God forgives but never forgets and we won't Time cannot change true history. Thanks for the edited history recap.
Posted by:Jun 4th 2005, 07:51:20 pm
Fig Tree News TeamThe Darville/Knowles Family gathering, October 1998
Virginia, U.S.A.

Greetings to all the family and friends present in the flesh, from
those present with you in Spirit.

The Families' journey in the New World is a long and proud one,
living out their heritage of truth, honesty, hard work and love,
under very difficult circumstances. Many of you already are aware
of the high costs of Honor.

The "Old World" history of our families go back to Saxon, Viking,
English, Norman (from 1066), Scots, Irish and Western Europe (see
English Monarchs).

In 1540 King Henry VIII granted the Coat-Of-Arms bearing "Semper
Paratus" (Always Prepared) to the Knowles' Family for services to
the nation. In 1588 several Knowles' supplied and manned their own
ships for the Battle of the Spanish Armada.

From the time of King John I the D'Arville Family were influential
in the life of the nation in a variety of ways. Evidence seems to
support their presence in England from the 1100's and an involvement
in later centuries when England occupied part of France as its own

After the discovery of the New World (Bahamas) by Christopher
Columbus in 1492, Spain proceeded through the Caribbean, from
Florida to the "Horn", with the exception of Brazil which Portugal

In 1585, Sir Walter Raleigh dispatched another expedition to
establish a "Citie of Raleigh" on Roanoke Island. Three years
later, when English supply ships finally arrived, there was no trace
of the settlers. What happened to them remains a mystery.

In 1607 English pioneers founded Jamestown, the first permanent
English Settlement in America, and Virginia's Colonial Capital
(Virginia named for the Virgin Queen, Elizabeth I). Fires in 1676
and 198 devastated Jamestown, which never fully recovered.

In 1631 William Clairborne built up a Trading Post on Kent Island in
Chesapeake Bay, making it the site of Maryland's first non-Indian

In 1631, at Lewes, Dutch colonists planted the first European
foothold on Delaware Bay. In 1931 Zwaanendael Museum was built to
celebrate the settlement's 300th Anniversary, recalling its Dutch

In 1634, Leonard Calvert, brother of Lord Baltimore, the Roman
Catholic proprietor of Maryland, founded a settlement at St.
Mary's. Chartered in 1669, the Port and colonial Capital consisted
of a Statehouse and a handful of other buildings, now partially
restored. In 1694 the Capital was moved to Protestant Annapolis.


In 1623, Israell Knowles died in Elizabeth Attie, Virginia.

In the 1630's the Reverend John Knowles arrived at Watertown,
Massachusetts, New England, from Lincolnshire, England. He was
followed by Alexander and Richard.

Sir Francis Knollys married Catherine Cary. Their daughter Mary
married Thomas West, Lord De La Warr. They settled in Virginia, and
had three sons.

The brutal "Parliamentary Wars" in England saw the execution in 1649
of King Charles I under the orders of Oliver Cromwell.

In 1624 the Bahamas were granted to the Earl of Heath. In 1649,
the "Honourable Company of Eleutheran Adventurers" was formed in
England. To escape the persecution of English politics and
religion, they established the "Republic of Eleuthera" in the

With the restoration of the Monarch under Charles II, 1660-1685, the
Bahamas were granted to the "Lord's Proprietors of the Carolinas",
in 1670.

Fort Nassau was built on the site of today's Sheraton Hotel.
The "King's Chapel" was built on the site of today's Christ Church
Cathedral. The township of Nassau was laid out.

On the Register of Settlement there were: Alexander Knowles, his
wife Sarah, on daughter and one slave; Marmaduke Darville, his wife
and three children.

We now have family in Virginia, Carolina, Massachusetts, Maryland,
the Bahamas, as well as in the "Old Country". They were Church of
England, and their book of Worship was the 1549 Prayer book. The
authorized version of the bible came to us in the reign of James I,

In 1649, Puritans from Virginia planted a Colony on the Severn
River . In 1694 Anne Arundel Town, later renamed Annapolis,
replaced St. Mary's City as the Capital.

In 1682 settlement began in Norfolk, which soon became Virginia's
largest maritime centre. Levelled during the Revolutionary War, the
town languished until railroads opened up interior coalfields after
the Cold War.

A County Seat since 1686 and a thriving Colonial Port, Cambridge is
one of Maryland's oldest towns. After the Revolution, oystering
shored up the town, and fish canning and packing have been mainstays
since the early 1900's.

The Dutch controlled the slave trade and became fabulously wealthy
in the process.

In 1680, tiny Barbados was earning more for Britain through sugar
and by-products (rum, molasses, etc) than the thirteen New England
Colonies combined.

In 1730, Jamaica was England's leading sugar island. There, fewer
than 10,000 whites dominated 100,000 blacks.

There was regular communications between the Colonies and England.
Families kept in touch with one another both by writing and visiting.

The tragedy of the American War of Independence saw the ruination of
many people caught up in a situation over which they had no
control. Many were discriminated against to the point where they
had no choice but to leave.

Thousands went west into the wilderness, tens of thousands into
Canada, into the Bahamas, Jamaica, the Caribbean and England.

The years 1783-1784 saw thousands arriving in the Bahamas. At Long
Island, there were names such as Adderley, Armbrister, Anderson,
Benzie, Bennicourt, Bowe, Buckley, Burrows, Bedford, Barker,
Carroll, Clements, Chilcott, Culmer, Darville, Drudge, Dowling,
Duncanson, Deal, Deadman, Dean, Dunmore (Early of Dunmore was the
last Colonial Governor of Virginia, and became Governor of the
Bahamas) Edgecombe, Farquharson, Fox, Gray, Glinton, Cordon,
Hamilton, Harding, Holliday, etc.

Family Names: McKenzie, McNeil, Pratt, Morley, Wells, Millar,
Martinborough, McHardy, Newman, Pritchard, Petty: to name some.

The best thoroughbred horses in the Bahamas were at Long Island.
Scottish "Black Face" sheep were introduced. Over 4,000 acres of
cotton were planted. Extensive "Salt Pans", sail operated were
built at Clarence Town. Extensive farming was undertaken, in order
to be self-supporting.

Among the Loyalists were doctors, lawyers, teachers, farmers,
soldiers (including several colonels, majors, captains and other
ranks, as well as sailors). Gradually, the families adjusted to
their new lives.

From 1792 to 1798 Britain tried to take northern Haiti from France,
without success. They did manage to rescue a number of Swiss-
French, Swedish and other families, some of whom ended up on Long
Island. Among these were Lopez, Turnquist, Stephens, Tates.

About this time, William Cartwright arrived from Yorkshire. He was
the first Cartwright in the Bahamas. He married and settled at

Samuel and James Knowles settled in 1783. Samuel's sons were
George, Richard and Edward. George married Eliza Turnquist, whose
family (Swedish) was rescued from Haiti. Edward married Eleanor
McKenzie, daughter of the Honorable George McKenzie. The two
brothers owned the adjoining estates of Mangrove Bush and McKenzie,
where many of their offspring live today.

Gradually, sisal and pineapplies, lignumvitae and logwood, zennapod
and palm products, provided some cash, as did cotton.

From the fields came corn, peas, beans, potatoes, yams, pumpkin,
cassava, paw-paws, applies, sour-sops, sapodillas, mamees, sugar
cane, bananas, plantains, etc. The sea provided fish, conchs,
crawfish, turtles, etc., in great abundance. Rain was the main

Early in the 18th century, Sir Charles Knowles was born to the 4th
Earl of Banbury. At the age of fourteen he joined the Royal Navy.
He proved to be a brilliant man, especially in mechanics and
engineering. He advised on the building of the Westminster Bridge,
the fortifications of Port Royal in Jamaica and several others in
the West Indies, as well as Pont Neuf in Paris.

He was appointed Naval Superintendent of Mines, and destroyed
Spanish fortresses in Cuba, Cartegena, and elsewhere in the
Caribbean. He rose to the rank of rear Admiral. He served as
Governor of Jamaica from 1752 to 1756.

Catherine the Great invited him to Russia to organize and equip and
train the Russian Navy. This effectively achieved from 1771 to
1774. Under his direction the Russian Nave became a disciplined
force to be reckoned with. He had years earlier perfected
the "Knowles Method" of preserving beef, pork and fish. He died in
1777 and was buried at Great St. Nicolas Church, Guildford,
England. (Admiral Knowles' son Charles Henry Knowles was tutored by
John Robinson of Edinburgh from 1759 to 1766. Information from "The
Knowles' Papers" by Professor Sir Francis Knowles, Baronet, F.R.S.

Turn of the century slave uprisings and Britain's outlawing of
slavery trade in 1808 was the "writing on the wall" for Colonial
plantations. Emancipation in 1834 sealed the transformation.

There were 33 on Mangrove Bush. Many of them left. Some would not,
and were allowed to work the land. The last two, who grew up with
my grandfather Joshua, were affectionately called "Papa George"
and "Papa Charlie". They died around 1904 and 1906. My father,
Samuel Rueben Knowles, used to tell us some of the stories he was

After the abolition of slavery, quite a number of families left Long
Island and went mainly to Florida; Charleston, SC; New York and
Canada; as family members remained in those areas after the War.

Those who remained at Long Island had enough land from which to
support themselves, and were content to live a life of disciplined
freedom. As the island was 97% Anglican, there was a very strong
sense of "patriotic togetherness". Strong family life.

Church services were in the main conducted by "Catechists". My
father's mother's oldest broker, Melbourne Knowles, was a Catechist
for 40 years. (In later generations, so were Theophilus Darville,
Hiram Darville, Francis Darville, Archibald Knowles, Samuel Burrows,
etc.). The Right Reverend Donald Knowles was consecrated Bishop at
Christ Church Cathedral, Nassau; to serve as Bishop of Antigua.
(More recently, Birdy's nephew, the Venerable Keith Cartwright, very
nearly became the Bishop of the Bahamas. The vote was so close that
a second election had to be held).

Cotton, sisal and pineapple fields increased in sizes, and income
was fairly good. When the American Civil War came, the price of
cotton skyrocketed. A building boom took place in Nassau, and real
estate prices rocketed. Nassau lived the "high life", and Union and
Confederate agents were everywhere searching for goods badly needed,
but unavailable in the United States. The Scottish ship "Banshee"
was built a "blockade runner", and could outrun anything on the
water. She was the first steel ship, 200 feet long, 20 ft beam.

George Maxwell Knowles, first son of George Richard and Eliza
Knowles, was serving on the Bahamas Constabulary during the war
years. He was hot in the back and though he recovered he never
regained his health. He returned to Mangrove Bush.

Life went on at a slower pace after the war. After the Spanish
American War of 1989, Puerto Rico, the Philippines and other places
with good soil, rivers and good rainfall and plenty of cheap labour,
fell to the U.S.A. Pretty soon the sisal and pineapple industries
on Long Island were dead. Once again, families left Long Island for
the U.S.A. Because of their knowledge of farming, they were sought
out as foremen and overseers, as far north as Maryland.

With the outbreak of World War I, many young men joined the army,
some nevery returned. Sisal revived, so did sponging and a demand
for lignumvitae. After the War there was another need for

The Prohibition in the U.S.A. turned Nassau into "whisky
warehouse". Rum running became big business. Fortunes were made
overnight. Needless to say, there were many ruthless characters

Then came the "Great Depression". This now meant that if you had a
roof over your head and a piece of land to farm, you could feed your
family. Folk shared with one another, so in a real sense no one
went without the necessities of life. Mothers really "stretched"
things, and there was no wasting. They took their responsibilities
to their families seriously; Bless them.

We soon were faced with the brutal realties of World War II. Once
again our young men were off to serve in the Armies, Navies and Air
Forces of Britain, Canada and the U.S.A.

Changes which began after World War II are going on still in the
Bahamas; For a long time tourism has been the mainstay of the
economy. All of the main islands have airfields, telephones, good
roads, high schools and health services.

Several Darvilles have served as Commissioners at Inagua, Grand
Bahama and Eleuthera. One became the Deputy Commissioner of Police,
another a Chief Superintendent of Police. Others became teachers
and businessmen. Members of our families are involved in all walks
of life: politics, medicine, flying, building, religion and all else
that makes up modern society.

In 1956 the Bahamas adopted Party Politics. In 1967 we had our
first "Premier". On July 10, 1973 the Bahamas became an independent
member of the British Commonwealth of Nations which recognize Queen
Elizabeth II as head of the Commonwealth. Bahamians are appointed
as Governor General. A Prime Minister is elected. The House of
Assembly dates back to 1729. The Senate is appointed. The Supreme
Court Building, House of Assembly, Executive Council and Secretariat
are built from the same plans of the same buildings in the Colonial
Capital of South Carolina.

Members of our families are involved at many levels in life of the
country. The same applies to those for whom the United States has
been home for generations. You know their story for most of this

I can only say to you that you are part of families with a proud and
honourable reputation. There is a proud tradition and heritage
inherited, and it is your responsibility to live it and hand it on
to the generations to follow. It is a way of life. God's peace and
blessings to our families forever.

(When the Loyalists came to Long Island, among their possessions
were their hand guns and their muskets. The muskets were "muzzle
loading", and you had to pour in powder, "wad" it; then pour in your
shot and "wad" it. Before you could fire it, you had to "prime" it
with flint and powder. They were so well looked after, that in the
1890's my father still could use the original weapon for duck
shooting. In 1900 he bought his "breach-loading" shotgun, which
meant more ducks on the table.

In 1798, the open boat in which a group of people got through the
French lines in North Haiti and on to safety in the Bahamas, was
named the "Lucky Escape". She was anchored at the "Big Point",
Mangrove Bush, when she was not in the thatched "Boat Shed".

On Queen Victoria's birthday in 1898, there was a boat race in the
sound. George M. Knowles (son of George Maxwell and Jessima
Knowles) aged 16, Samuel Reuben Knowles (son of Joshua and Sarah
Knowles) aged 16; and Calvin Hugh Cartwright (son of Archibald
Cleghorn and Mary Jane Cartwright) aged 10, were the crew. Calvin
was the first great-grandson of George R. and Eliza Turnquist
Knowles. They won the race. By 1906 the boat was beyond repair and
went to the "bone yard". But she had given more than 100 years

Please feel free to edit, delete or rearrange as you might see fit.
Songs and toasts will follow. Any particular questions, let me know.

April 1998
Melbourne U. Knowles
Paradise Point,
Old Australia

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